Choose the correct option (a-d)
1. A: What’s the job of technical supervisor? B: He __________the work of the technical team.
2. Currently, we __________ on a new project to be completed in two months’ time.
3. If the installation had been done properly, would the partition wall __________?
4. When the glue has set it can __________from the vice
5. I’m afraid the engineer __________the machines yet. You’ll have to wait.
6. He worked for GD Holdings for two years before __________to our company.
7. The construction of the tallest cupboard __________ last week
8. We __________to finish the work on time because we had a problem with the floor.
9. It was reported that the new revolving doors __________operational by the end of next month.
10. He’s in warehouse “B” __________all the goods are stored before shipment.
11. This is __________the best machine for our needs.
12. The new false ceiling was secured to the ceiling by __________six very long cables.
13. __________look at replacing all the cables?
14. This material has the capability of ______________ chemicals, so we should use it.
Write the present perfect or simple past of the verb in brackets in the spaces of the following story.
Gavin _(call) in sick to work on Monday. His boss was frustrated and said, "You _(call) in sick four times this month." 1. Gavin ________________ in sick to work on Monday. His boss was frustrated and said,
Gavin replied, "I'm sorry. I_(catch) a cold from my son. He _(start) daycare last month and he _(be) sick since then. I am a good employee and last year I _(not take) one sick day."
Gavin's boss said, "It's true. You _(be) a good employee. You _(always do) your work on time and you _(bring) the company a lot of business since you _(start) working for us."
Gavin said, "Last week I _(show) Tina all the projects I have been working on. She _(say) she can help me. She _(work) on many similar projects since she _(be) hired."
Gavin boss replied, "Okay. Get lots of rest and we'll see you tomorrow."
2. "You ________________ in sick four times this month."
3. Gavin replied, "I'm sorry. I _________ a cold from my son.
4. He _________ daycare last month
5. and he _________ sick since then.
6. "I am a good employee and last year _________ one sick day."
7. Gavin's boss said, "It's true. You _________ a good employee.
8. You have always _________ your work on time
9. and you _________ the company a lot of business
10. since you stated (start) working for us."
11. Gavin said, "Last week I _________ Tina all the projects I have been working on.
12. She __________ she can help me.
13. She _________ on many similar projects
14. since she _________ hired." Gavin boss replied, "Okay. Get lots of rest and we'll see you tomorrow."
Much of the blood on the street flows essentially from uncivil behavior of drivers who refuse to respect the legal and moral rights of others. So the massacre on the road may be regarded as a social problem. Safety standards for vehicle have been raised both at the point of manufacture and through periodic road-worthiness inspections. In addition, speed limits have been lowered. Due to these measures, the accident rate has decreased. But the accident experts still worry because there has been little or no improvement in the way drivers behave.
1. According to the passage, traffic accidents may be regarded as a social problem since ----.
2. According to the passage, the number of accidents has fallen because ----.
3. It is pointed out in the passage that those who violate traffic regulations ----.
Psychologists tell us that there are four basic stages that human beings pass through when they enter and live in a new culture. This process, which helps us to deal with culture shock, is the way our brain and our personality reacts to the strange new things we encounter when we move from one culture to another. If our culture involves bowing when we greet someone, we may feel very uncomfortable in a culture that does not involve bowing. If the language we use when talking to someone in our own culture is influenced by levels of formality based on the other person's age and status, it may be difficult for us to feel comfortable communicating with people in the new culture.
Culture begins with the "honeymoon stage". This is the period of time when we first arrive in which everything about the new culture is strange and exciting. We may be suffering from "jet lag" but we are thrilled to be in the new environment, seeing new sights, hearing new sounds and language, eating new kinds of food. This honeymoon stage can last for quite a long time because we feel we are involved in some kind of great adventure.
Unfortunately, the second stage of culture shock can be more difficult. After we have settled down into our new life, working or studying, buying groceries, doing laundry, or living with a home-stay family, we can become very tired and begin to miss our homeland and our family, girlfriend/boyfriend, pets. All the little problems that everybody in life has seem to be much bigger and more disturbing when you face them in a foreign culture. This period of cultural adjustment can be very difficult and lead to the new arrival rejecting or pulling away from the new culture. This "rejection stage" can be quite dangerous because the visitor may develop unhealthy habits (smoking and drinking too much, being too
concerned over food or contact with people from the new culture). This can, unfortunately lead to the person getting sick or developing skin infections or rashes which then makes the person feel even more scared and confused and helpless. This stage is considered a crisis in the process of cultural adjustment and many people choose to go back to their homeland or spend all their time with people from their own culture speaking their native language.
The third stage of culture shock is called the "adjustment stage". This is when you begin to realize that things are not so bad in the host culture. Your sense of humour usually becomes stronger and you realize that you are becoming stronger by learning to take care of yourself in the new place. Things are still difficult, but you are now a survivor!
The fourth stage can be called "at ease at last". Now you feel quite comfortable in your new surroundings. You can cope with most problems that occur. You may still have problems with the language, but you know you are strong enough to deal with them. If you meet someone from your country who has just arrived, you can be the expert on life in the new culture and help them to deal with their culture shock.There is a fifth stage of culture shock which many people don't know about. This is called "reverse culture shock". Surprisingly, this occurs when you go back to your native culture and find that you have changed and that things there have changed while you have been away. Now you feel a little uncomfortable back home. Life is a struggle!
1. When does culture shock happen?
2. How do you feel during the first stage of culture shock?
3. How do you feel during the second stage?
4. How could the third stage be described?
5. How do you feel during the fourth stage of culture shock?
6. Why might reverse culture shock be a problem?
You represent a bedroom furniture manufacturer. On a recent sales trip to England, you made contact with a potential customer: Mrs Suzanne Darcy, the buyer in a major retail chain. You discussed the possibility of supplying your products to the chain, although nothing was agreed. Now you want to build on the relationship in the hope of closing the deal.
Write a polite but friendly email to Mrs Darcy. Stress the quality of your products and the reliability of your service. Offer to show her round your production facility if she would like to visit you in your country. Offer to cover her expenses during her stay. End with the hope that you will be able to do business with her.
Your email should be around 100 words.
3. Which three of the points below does the speaker make?